Reflection of the Moral Values of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani Peoples in Proverbs with the Concept “Friendship”

  • Alla Rodenko Sumy State University
  • Natalja Tybol Sumy State University
  • Nubar Abbasova Sumy State University
Keywords: proverbs, paroemias, friendship, the “friendship” concept, morality


This article analyzes the proverbs that reflect the moral principles of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples in order to identify the basic values and specific features of their ethnic mentality.
The analysis of the semantic components of the paroemias is based on the proverbs of the thematic group “friendship”. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between the paroemias, their common and distinctive features, and the fact that proverbs of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples who simulate identical or similar situations are often very close to each other, despite all their ethnic, historical and linguistic specifics.
In short figurative sayings the conceptual picture of the world, the national unique-ness of daily life, customs and traditions are reflected. Proverbs advise, recommend, ex-press fears; theyadmonish, warn, soothe, ridicule, etc. Among them, one can single out greetings-farewells, wishes, proverbs-omens, proverbs-aphorisms, etc.
There are situations when people consult with proverbs like with wise people. Prov-erbs make a positive or negative assessment of the behavior, deed, situation; theyheavily influence the communicant.
In the thematic diversity of paroemias, special focus is on the proverbsthat em-phasize moral and ethical ideas and values. Among such sayings, key terms such as “truth and lies”,“good and fair”, “honor and conscience”, “love and faithfulness”, and other prevail.
The study of such proverbs is relevant with regard to the moral and ethical values expressed in them that are common to both peoples. The article concludes that there is a similarity in the value hierarchy of representatives of two cultures. Certain differences are due to ethnic factors that affect the mentality of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples, which finds confirmation at the linguistic level.


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How to Cite
Rodenko, A., Tybol, N. and Abbasova, N. (2018) “Reflection of the Moral Values of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani Peoples in Proverbs with the Concept ‘Friendship’”, Worldview – Philosophy – Religion, 13, pp. 200-207. doi: