Worldview – Philosophy – Religion <p>Peer-reviewed scholarly journal “Worldview – Philosophy – Religion” (ISSN 2305–7459) is published by Sumy State University in Ukraine.<br>The journal is published to promote philosophical ideas directed on the further systematic formation of the complete outlook of a modern human, highlighting research papers in the field of humanities, analysis of current social, political and spiritual issues of the day through the lens of philosophical knowledge.</p> <p>The journal&nbsp;is published two times per year. Papers can be submitted in three languages: English, Ukrainian, Russian.&nbsp;</p> <p>“Worldview – Philosophy – Religion” is currently indexed by&nbsp;Google Scholar, Index Copernicus,&nbsp;Ulrich’s Web Global Periodicals Directory and European index for the humanities and social sciences (ERICH PLUS).</p> en-US <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Ivan Mozgovyi) Wed, 13 Feb 2019 00:12:07 +0200 OJS 60 The Historical Materialism in the Ukrainian Philosophical Culture of the 1920s <p>The article focuses on the historical-materialist views of Ukrainian Marxist philosophers. The 1970s Marxist ideas spring in Ukraine is observed there. It is argued that in the 1920s, when the Stalinist totalitarianism had not yet reigned in the Soviet Union, it was possible to some extent to the creative interpretations of the basic provisions of the materialist conception of history. It is noted that the actualization of attention to the problems of historical materialism was made possible by the publication of the work by Nicholai Bukharin “The Theory of Historical Materialism”. Philosophical thought in Soviet Ukraine in that historical period developed within the framework of a single Marxist-Leninist philosophical paradigm, uniform for the entire Soviet Union, which was actively dogmatized. One of the most well-known Ukrainian Marxist philosophers was Volodymyr Yurinets. Within the limits of the problems of historical materialism, he was interested in the question of the nature of ideology, alienation, objectification, commodity fetishism. It is noted that the prerequisite for the emergence of ideology is the division of labor and the envy of the sphere of spiritual life. The phenomenon of ideology is interpreted by V. Yurinets in an ambivalent way: both as a false consciousness, and as an adequate reflection of the consciousness of the sphere of practice. It is emphasized that under capitalism, a person feels free only when he does not work.</p> Vyacheslav Artyukh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Ассоциативная палитра концепта “родина” В сознании узбекской молодежи <p>В статье рассматривается понятийное содержание концепта Родина как многоме-рного ментального понятия, что характеризуется взаимосвязью мышления, сознания, куль-туры и языка, с помощью исследования вербализованных средств объективации этого кон-цепта и построения его ассоциативного поля с целью определения отображения концепта Родителей в сознании современной узбекской молодежи.</p> Yevheniia Burnos, Nataliia Pylypenko-Fritsak ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Street art as a social and aesthetic phenomenon of urbanized space <p>The article covers the essence and content of such a socio-aesthetic direction as “street art”, analyzes the factors of influence that led to the emergence of this genre of fine urban art and the ideas that guide street art. The emphasis is made on the social significance of the content of street art. The author reveals the essence of street art as a modern means of visual expression of actual ideas and feelings of society. Street art in modern science is often viewed in the context of bright “challenges of the present”, which has changed the status almost from the marginal phenomenon to contemporary art. Today, interest in street art is increasing, because street art does not cease to evolve, being embodied in new forms.<br>In this paper, the term “street art” is used to denote the diversity of street painting, where the city becomes a canvas (walls of buildings, fences). The author selected morals among the many artistic expressions of street art for the study. The history of the antral (ancient civilization, the Middle Ages, modernity) is considered in the paper. The factors contributing to the development of street art are analyzed, various traditions of street monumental painting are highlighted, which were often associated with historical features of socio-cultural life. Also, attention is paid to the Ukrainian antlers, their artistic values, but above all to social significance. Ukrainian street artists raise and reproduce topical issues of the present with visual means: freedom, equality, value of life, justice, love. The history of the Ukrainian anthem is directly related to the history of the formation of Ukrainian cultural identity, the rise of patriotism, awareness of national identity and uniqueness. </p> Alla Vasyurina, Alla Klimova ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Implicit basis of human corporeality In physical culture <p>The article made an attempt to examine the phenomenon of human corporeality and its influence on the development of physical culture, as an organic part of General culture of society. To investigate similarities and differences between the concepts of “the human body” and “physicality”. To show the diversity of approaches, paradigms, and points of view of these concepts. To emphasize the problem of implementing the “new way of medi-cine” aimed at the diagnosis, monitoring, conservation, correction of health. To reveal the interdisciplinary nature of bioethics as vital conditions for the functioning and development of biologically organized matter.</p> Andrey Voznyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Ancient, culturally rich and untarnished nation – Kurds <p>The purpose of article is analyze the cultural achievements and mental peculiarities of the Kurds, as well as the interest of other researchers in the study of this perspective, but not sufficiently developed by Ukrainian scholars topic. The topicality of this scientific exploration can be explained by several reasons. First, the Kurds are one of the national minorities in Ukraine, the number of which is constantly growing. Second, not only the Kurds and their nearest neighbors are interested in resolving the Kurdish problem on a global scale, it is important for many European countries, including ours. Thirdly, the historical fate of the Kurds and measurably their national character remind Ukrainians’, although there are significant differences. The Kurds are a very ancient and multimillion nation with a developed culture, which has never had its statehood during lots of centuries, although it always sought to capture it. Their mentality is not very characteristic for the East, and there are certain features that are more common for Europeans. Kurdish nationalism is not arrogant and not demonstrative, it is internal and deep, suffered for many years of difficult struggle. Understanding of the national character of the Kurds should help Ukrainians successfully co-operate with them not only within Ukraine.</p> Natalia Vorona ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 “Side Adam Near Paradise”: features of the musical representation of the religious component of the Baroque worldview <p>The article deals with the specificity of the musical expression of the Baroque religious worldview. The paper studies as an example the party concert “Side Adam Near Paradise” by the anonymous author of the beginning of the XVIII century. The connection between the philosophical content of the work and its tonal drama is outlined</p> Viktoriya Havrylenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Main Aspects of Poly-Confessional Modern Ukraine From the View of Theology <p>The article deals with the main aspects of poly-confessional life of modern religious organi-zations from the view of theology. It exposes the role of the main confessions and religious organi-zations which work in Ukraine and there meaning for spiritual life in modern Ukraine, and also the role of a priest in saving of Christian identity. An accent is made on modern means of influence on human souls and modern methods of Christianization.<br>Through the prism of theology it is analyzed the meaning of modern religious organizations and religions in society.</p> Mykola Heletiuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Language and cultural diffusion in intercultural communication: the positive and negative aspects <p>This article deals with the questions of interpenetration of linguistic and cultural elements as a result of intercultural interaction. The content of the concept “cultural diffusion” is revealed in the cultural and linguocultural levels; its positive and negative aspects are characterized. The intercultural interference phenomena are analyzed on the lexical and discursive levels. The phenomena of linguistic integration in relation to coordinate bilingualism and interference in relation to subordinate bilingualism are illustrated.<br>Furthermore, the phenomenon of diffusion is considered from the perspective of language innovations. The role of diffusion in the language contamination during the interference stage is shown. Much attention is paid to the issues of formation and preservation of original Ukrainian culture, as well as to prospects for the development of the linguistic environment of Ukraine. The prospects of compulsory continuous and successive learning and teaching English in Ukraine in accordance with international standards are explored in connection with its rapid dissemination and use as a lingua franca. As a result, the task of forming a personality, capable of acting as a mediator of cultures, while remaining subject to native culture, is set.</p> Viktor Zavhorodnii ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Futures Literacy: a New Value in Axiology and the Task of Modern Education <p>In the situation of socio-economic, political, national-ethnic frustration of the world com-munity, the need for unifying ideas is largely actualized. Such ideas were suggested by the members of the Club of Rome in the 50th jubilee report. First of all, it is about a fundamental transformation of thinking, resulting in a holistic worldview: “humanistic but free from anthropocentrism, open to development but appreciative of sustainability and caring about the future”. It is this worldview that can both help to overcome various local crises, and also to become the basis for developing a strategy of responsible globalism and sustainable development in a situation of a systemic crisis.<br>Relating to education, it is about the “new Enlightenment”, the formation of a spiritually-moral worldview, new axiological approaches. One of the practical ways of integrating the society’s democratic values with the goal of overcoming the present-day global crisis is the formation of “literacy with respect to the future”.<br>The article attempts to establish correlations between the factors of “literacy with respect to the future” and the components of the value-motivational sphere. It considers the possibilities of transforming the axiological picture of the world taking into account the new tasks of education. The idea of a dialogue of cultures under multiethnic conditions, as well as ethnic tolerance as a value in the era of globalization, is being actualized. The crisis of the value system and the transformation of the axiological picture of the world, in general, are explained from a perspective of a systemic crisis. The connection of the system of modern students’ meaningful orientations with modern social strategies is shown. The causes of changes in student youth’s value orientations are analyzed.</p> Maryna Kazandzhyieva, Liudmyla Erjomenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Comprehension of the Problem of Correlation between Religion and Culture in the Ukrainian Religious Studies of Soviet Period <p>The article deals with the transformation of comprehension of the problem of correlation be-tween religion and culture in Ukrainian scientific atheism. The author found out that the initial po-sition for Soviet atheists was the Marxist thesis that religion as a part of spiritual culture depends on social and economic relations. Only negative assessment to religion was given in early 1970’s. Relations between religion and culture were defined as conflict, and cultural progress was associated with secularization. Religion was understood as outdated, retrograde, remnant of the past, incompat-ible with any progress.<br>The author of the article found out that in the texts of the mid-80’sthe development of culture in historical perspective was connected with religion. But such a statement can’t be defined as a step ahead, because scientific atheism admitted the existence of religion in the past through social reasons. These reasons – as it was believed – will vanish in the future, in the time of communism. The authors who wrote on the influence of religion on culture in the past had to show its negative impact. <br>In the book Culture. Religion. Atheism (1991) the author of the article found critical state-ments toward some “atheistic dogmas”, revision of methodological bases and rejection of some ideological thesis. Attitude towards religion of the authors had changed. In some way it reflected the changes in Soviet society in general. <br>The author concludes that being permanently researched by the Soviet scientific atheists the problem of correlation between religion and culture has transformed radically during the Pere-stroika.</p> Oleg Kyselov ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 “Clippingˮ thinking of pupils (ptudents) as a norm and a condition of modern education <p>It is noted that global informatization along with the traditional types of consciousness and thinking of nomads and sedentaries caused the appearance of “clipping” in the neonomads. The article identifies the preconditions of its appearance, its positive and negative aspects. The definitions of “clip” and “blip” have been analyzed and the conclusion has been made that these concepts are related to different sources of information: “blip” – gleaning the information from the screen, and “clip” – from various sources, therefore the concept of “blip” is much narrower than “clip”. It is proposed to use them as synonyms, taking into account that they reflect the same phenomenon – “clipping”. Traditional and “clip” types of consciousness and thinking have been analyzed in comparison with dementia, norm, anomaly, deviation, and genius. The traditional type proves to extremely slowly respond to the rapid changes in the modern world, where knowledge is the main resource. The author emphasizes that for the modern society “clipping” is a norm and manifestation of genius because Pupils (Students), Teachers (Professors) are interested in constant changes; they quickly respond to the labor market requirements as well as development and introduction of innovations when information prevails. A new modern motto is suggested for people with the “clip” thinking type, “The one, who not only possesses information but knows how to find, use and manage it, runs the world”. It is stated that Pupils (Students), Teachers (Professors) and the entire educational sector are currently in a state of “stable imbalance”, so the introduction of ICT, advanced methods, techniques and mixed learning in education should contribute to preserving the integrity of consciousness and stability of people with “clipping”, as well as their acquisition of the ability to self-cognition, self-organization and self-improvement using postfigurative, cofigurative and prefigurative types of cultural exchange. The article considers several variants of developing the relations of Pupils (Students) and Teachers (Professors) on the basis of partnership, coaching, facilitation, mutual assistance, etc. The emphasis is laid on the necessity to promote the disclosure and realization of creative and resourceful qualities, abilities and opportunities throughout the life owing to a modernized, expanded and extended Lifelong Learning strategy.</p> Inna Knysh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Возможности сетевого образования <p>В статье осуществляется анализ состояния современной высшей школы и возмож-ности не столько ее адаптации к меняющимся условиям, сколько кардинальной переоргани-зации. Университет должен мыслиться как университет не совершенства, но проектов, построенный по сетевому принципу, космополитичный по своей форме и ориентированный на функционирование коммуникационных потоков отдельных “Я” по своему содержанию</p> Tatyana Kozintseva ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 The influence of cultural contexts on intercultural communication <p>The article proposes an interpretation of intercultural communication, focused on the dynamics of cultural contexts in which it exists. High-context culture and low-context culture are terms used to describe cultures based on how explicit the messages exchanged are and how much the context means in certain situations. A high-context culture relies on implicit communication and nonverbal cues. A low-context culture relies on explicit communication. Asian, African, Arab, central European and Latin American cultures are generally considered to be high-context cultures. In low-context communication, more of the information in a message is spelled out and defined. Cultures with western European roots, such as the United States and Australia, are generally considered to be low-context cultures. Cultural differences shape every aspect of global communication. This helps explain why people in Japan (a high-context culture) prefer face-to-face communication over electronic technology favored by other industrialized countries like the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Germany (low-context cultures).<br>We turn our attention to monochronic and polychronic cultures and the impact that can have on communication. Monochronic cultures like to do just one thing at a time. They value a certain orderliness and sense of there being an appropriate time and place for everything. They do not value interruptions. They like to concentrate on the job at hand and take time commitments very seriously. Polychronic cultures like to do multiple things at the same time. Though they can be easily distracted they also tend to manage interruptions well with a willingness to change plans often and easily. People are their main concern (particularly those closely related to them or their function) and they have a tendency to build lifetime relationships. Issues such as promptness are firmly based on the relationship rather than the task and objectives are more like desirable outcomes than must do’s. Appeal to the problem of cultural contexts seems to be an expedient vector of socio-philosophical study.</p> Marina Kolinko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Faith phenomenon in the context of the human beauty ways <p>The article analyzes an ideological approach as more effective, from the author’s point of view, for understanding the phenomenon of faith, which the author regards as a self-sufficient phenomenon of spiritual life of a person. Based on the essence of the outlook itself, in the opinion of the author, one can approach the solution of many problems that arise in the process of studying faith. As an example of the effectiveness of this approach, the author turns to the creative heritage of one of the national luminaries on this issue, a representative of the Kiev philosophical (ideological – anthropological) school of V. I. Shynkaruk.<br>Faith is a philosophical world-view category, which is a manifestation of the spiritual and practical measurement of a man. Therefore, the question of its essence, its social functions, its role in the development of the spiritual world and the practical life of a person, etc. is logically explored through the categorical structure of the worldview. The worldview as an integrative integrity of rational and irrational, spiritual and practical, ideal and real allows us to reach the understanding of many aspects of the Faith, the understanding of the Faith as a certain integrity, the Faith as a phenomenon of both religious and nonreligious aspects.<br>Faith is an important phenomenon of the spiritual life of a man. It manifests itself in the perception of the probability of true knowledge as probable in the situation when it is necessary to solve vital tasks, and there is no reliable knowledge and can not be yet. This world-view category is a prerequisite for the creative potential of a person, because it provides the ability of an individual to overcome self-restraint (such components of the inner world of the man as experience, knowledge, sensory images in memory can restrict or even hinder creativity at all). Faith is an incentive for a certain action in relation to the surrounding circumstances; it is capable of transforming random circumstances into spiritual self-realization. Therefore, new experience, new knowledge are the result of human activity, its scientific and cognitive activity.<br>Faith acts as a powerful existential resource. In difficult life periods, man’s faith passes a test of strength, and a person who has kept faith in himself, in good, in people, in life – preserves himself as a personality, the integrity of the image of his future and the very possibility of the future. However, faith is not something static, there is always some sort of doubt – a space for spiritual work; otherwise, with a clear conscious faith, it can become blind, fanatical, degenerate into illusion.<br>Work with faith is the work with the deepest, intimate level, integrating the personality, the basis of world outlook and the deep attitudes that shape the future and determine the present. Restoration and strengthening of faith, as a spiritual existential resource, allows the most complete way to reveal the powerful and creative sources of the human spirit, the ways of creative transformation of oneself and reality.</p> Olexandr Korniyenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Spiritual quest of the 17th century and the art of portrait <p>The article analyzes the portrait’s works of D. Velazquez, F. Hals and Rembrandt in the context of socio-cultural problems of the 17th century and their creative method.</p> Vladimir Kravets, Alexander Shilo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Monadology of Mykola Rudenko: uniqueness and originality of scientific platform <p>Monadology is not a new science. The beginning to it was given by ancient gnostics. G. Leibniz was its founder. The developers of science of Monads are considered to be M. Bugayev, P. Florensky and others, but only M. Rudenko managed to impose geocentric standards of modern physics on concepts that for a long time were attributed to metaphysics. M. Rudenko, the first in the world of science, gave physical characteristics of the Monad: he calculated the radius, mass, density, energy and proved that the Monad can thicken and create a gravitational field. <br>M. Rudenko offers a stationary (unlike known isotropic) model of the Universe, in which everything is based on the principle of general order without any eventualities. Thickening and rar-efaction of vacuum is the beginning of the Spheres, the birth of the Monad. Monad is pushing the Universe to win space for itself. Monad, or Nine: six forces that create the Sphere, and three addi-tional ones – Free Light, Light Creator. The Light is spilled inside the Monads. The Monad should be seen as the Spirit Matter. There are no other realities in the world except the Monads. The thinker proves that life on the Earth does not originate from the Sun but from the World Monad. M. Rudenko did not completely remove the veil of mystery, but pointed out the alternative direction of scientific research, pointed to the lack of knowledge, that today is an obstacle to finding out the phenomenon of the Universe. </p> Vladimir Mazurenko, Yulia Logvynenkо ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Eschatology of Maximus the Confessor: Historical and philosophical investigation in the state of contemporary researches <p>The article contains an analysis of overriding scientific approaches in studying of Maximus the Confessor’s eschatology. Applying historical and philosophical methodology, we reviewed and analyzed the main directions church father’s opinions from XIX century to now. It was discovered availability of tomistic, neopatristic and personalistic approaches and lack of systemic philosophical analysis Maximus’ eschatology. We have determined the main problems father’s eschatology, such as independence of Word’s Incarnation, restorations of all things and eternal return concepts, eschatology of will. The main controversy among scholars occurs in relation to the concept of apo-katastasis, as well as in the presence or absence of gnomic will in the state of deification. The ne-cessity of the systematic study of the eschatology of Maximus the Confessor is determined, which is a factor in a more profound understanding of Byzantine philosophy.</p> Anatolii Makohon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Some Peculiarities of Contemporary Art Objects Adaptation for Gallery Space <p>The article deals with the process of adaptation of contemporary art objects, in particular objects in space, to the gallery environment. The practical experience of the contemporary art “AkademArt” gallery is generalized, based on the practice of exhibiting lend-art projects and other objects. Adaptation of objects is analyzed from the standpoint of discursiveness in representation of contemporary art works.<br>The purpose of the article is to identify the specifics of formal adaptation and change in artistic discourse of objects of art that come into the gallery space from another environment.<br>The purpose of the research determined the following tasks: to analyze and systematize the existing practical experience of adapting the objects of land art to the gallery space; to investigate modifications of forms and concepts in the situation of changing spatial discourse.<br>Within the framework of discursive and installation approaches, there arise the questions about the change in the form and context of those objects that were not created for the gallery representation, but are forced to adapt to an artificial environment, such as objects of the land art. An interesting illustrative example may be the demonstration in the “akademArt” gallery of the artistic work of Kateryna Buchatska “Noither is bigger nor” and Yaroslava Maystrenko’s work “Connection”.<br>We see the expansion and increase of semantic and visual influences on the viewer concentration in the situation of formal narrowing of the space to the size of the gallery. In this case, the gallery exposition becomes a constant, sterile fixation of the moment of the object&amp;apos;s life for a certain time, when in the natural environment the project “lives” with its own life, changing daily and everyday under the influence of the environment, obtaining new meanings and forms.<br>Thus, by studying the specifics of formal adaptation and changing the artistic discourse of objects of art that fall into the gallery space from another environment, we can make a conclusion that:<br>- installation of objects in the gallery space requires their formal change in order to preserve and develop the author&amp;apos;s concept;<br>- the gallery serves as a means of creating a special situation for contemplation of the object and maximum concentration on its perception; <br>- the exposition in the gallery is a stable and fixed intermediate (non-final) moment of the existence of the project;<br>- the object of art, the gallery space, as well as the artist and the spectator are objects and subjects of interaction of the same degree of importance and exist in a unique space of intertextuality of contemporary art.</p> Rymma Mylenkova ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Folk festivals as a synthesis of worldviews <p>The article deals with the interconnection of pagan and Christian motifs in Ukrainian in public holidays and traditions. Traces the Christian calendar year with numerous holidays, posts, manifestations of Ukrainian hospitality and culture of the feast.</p> Іvan Моzgovyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 “World sensitivity” as a worldview and the basis for the creative method of G. Gavrilenko - the artist <p>The article considers the works of Ukrainian artist Grigory Gavrilenko. The “world sensitivity” is marked as a sign of the worldview and the basis of the creative method of the artist. Attention is paid to the cultural-philosophical concept as a methodological ambition of the artist's artistic practice. The searches of female images in the illustration to the book “Vita Nova” by Dante Aligieri and to the poetry by A. Pushkin are analyzed. The features of universalism in creativity are defined in the context of the development of the ideological and cultural-philosophical concept of G. Gavrilenko.The understanding of the role of art by the Ukrainian artist as a force directed toward Light and Good is pointed out. The role of the category of harmony in creativity is important. The emphasis is on the concept of a fundamentally new compositional construction of the drawings to Dante's work “Vita Nova”, which is based on calm verticals and horizontals. The image of Beatrice in the context of the search for female images by the artist in the 60's of the twentieth century. The fundamental work “Two Women in Nature” from the collection of the National Art Museum in Kyiv and its influence on the formation of a fine system. The analogy of the female image of the triptych “Summer” from the collection of the Sumy Regional Art Museum with the corresponding image to the book “Vita Nova” is conducted.<br>The emphasis is on the idea of “global sensitivity” in the analysis of works A. Pushkin by F. Dostoevsky. The article points that the emergence of the cycles of illustrations called “Suite inspired by Pushkin's lyric poetry”, drawings with pencil, pen and ink “The search for female images” and colored linogravures in the 70's of the twentieth century became the next stage and the creative style of the artist. Diptych “Mikhailovskoe” and its role in the cycle of works on Pushkin's themes. Lifeliness as an element of the worldview of Pushkin and G. Gavrilenko. It is noted that due to the sensitivity of the Ukrainian artist G. Gavrilenko to the world culture his art is the property of European culture of the twentieth century. The corresponding stylistics of works to the poetry of Pushkin in the sense of the artist's understanding of the concept of “style of the era” and “artist style” is recognized.</p> Sergiy Pobozhii ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 The evolution of ideas about free will and predestination from antiquity to the reformation <p>The article is devoted to consideration of the question of the relationship between human freedom and predestination that had gained prominence in medieval Christian philosophy because it is closely connected with the problem of the existence of Divine Providence, Grace, and their relationship with the free will of man, his purpose of salvation. The analysis shows that the determination of this question of course has deep ancient roots in the problem of predestination, immutable cosmic laws, the freedom of man. However, the fundamental difference is the antique streamlined approach with an emphasis on human freedom and responsibility in contrast with the medieval emphasis on faith, obedience to God and try to combine them with the reasonable requirements of the freedom of the will. Medieval Christianity is facing a tragic Augustine’s dilemma: either the recognition of free will and unconditional responsibility (as indicated by the reason) or complete submission to the divine will and grace – without any reasonable theodicy (as indicated by faith). Of particular interest is the specificity of the analysis of this problem in the period of the reformation, when it was suggested that ideas in advance of a certain person's fate and total submission to divine Grace. For example, Calvin believes that it is necessary to opt out of the term “free will” as unclear in meaning and absolutely in-compatible with faith and grace. Thus, the reformation proclaimed the abdication of freedom in favour of the divine Grace from which logically follows fatalism.</p> Maria Potsyurko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Reflection of the Moral Values of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani Peoples in Proverbs with the Concept “Friendship” <p>This article analyzes the proverbs that reflect the moral principles of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples in order to identify the basic values and specific features of their ethnic mentality.<br>The analysis of the semantic components of the paroemias is based on the proverbs of the thematic group “friendship”. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between the paroemias, their common and distinctive features, and the fact that proverbs of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples who simulate identical or similar situations are often very close to each other, despite all their ethnic, historical and linguistic specifics.<br>In short figurative sayings the conceptual picture of the world, the national unique-ness of daily life, customs and traditions are reflected. Proverbs advise, recommend, ex-press fears; theyadmonish, warn, soothe, ridicule, etc. Among them, one can single out greetings-farewells, wishes, proverbs-omens, proverbs-aphorisms, etc.<br>There are situations when people consult with proverbs like with wise people. Prov-erbs make a positive or negative assessment of the behavior, deed, situation; theyheavily influence the communicant.<br>In the thematic diversity of paroemias, special focus is on the proverbsthat em-phasize moral and ethical ideas and values. Among such sayings, key terms such as “truth and lies”,“good and fair”, “honor and conscience”, “love and faithfulness”, and other prevail.<br>The study of such proverbs is relevant with regard to the moral and ethical values expressed in them that are common to both peoples. The article concludes that there is a similarity in the value hierarchy of representatives of two cultures. Certain differences are due to ethnic factors that affect the mentality of the Ukrainian and Azerbaijani peoples, which finds confirmation at the linguistic level.</p> Alla Rodenko, Natalja Tybol, Nubar Abbasova ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Reflective self as an antidote to excessive consumption and the role of religion In its formation <p>The author of the article states since consumers learn their preferences as they make realistic decisions, the challenges of decision making process activate thinking and cognitive function, which can lead to development of analytical skills and self reflection. The author suggests that since there is a correlation between the concept of Self and consumer behavior, one of the ways to reduce consumption is to modify the concept of Self. There is also a correlation between the dominant role of socially conditioned Self and increased consumption. <br>The author introduces and suggests to use the concept “Reflective Self” which can act as an antidote to consumerism. Religious transformation can reduce consumption by directly modifying the concept of Self and reducing the dominance of the socially conditioned personality. Reflective Self can also be an integral part of Self concept modification, including the processes of religious transformations of the concept of Self.</p> Hanna Sanko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300 Play-element in the space of fashion <p>The article analyzes the relationship between the concepts of fashion play and fashionable space. The purpose of this study was to reveal the presence of the game component in modern fash-ion. In the process of finding the answer, the game-culture relation was determined, and came to the conclusion that the game is a cultural phenomenon, it does not precede culture, but is generated by it. Based on the study of the culturologist of J.Huizinga, it was traced how much fashion until the end of the twentieth century showed the characteristics of the game. We came to the conclusion that fashion is a free activity, connected with the observance of rules, the presence of mystery and variability. Thus, it has the same characteristics as the game, but since the early 20's. In the twentieth century, we observe transformations in fashion, which in our opinion are of a total nature and transform fashion into a space of fashion. Totality is confirmed by global fashion changes, its democracy, brand diffusion, and segmentation. It was the cardinal changes in fashion that gave birth to the discourse of her death. This position is argued by the following provisions: total fashion managerization, focused not on creating excellence, but on making a profit; the lack of professionals in the fashion industry; fashion no longer represents holistic images, a certain style of life and has lost the axiological component; the exit of the fashion out of aesthetic. <br>The results of the research testify to the transition of fashion into a state of a space of fashion, possessing a heuristic and prognostic potential, which is realized at the personal level (through self-presentation and self-identification of the individual) and on the general cultural (through in-tentionality). However, in the space of fashion, the game component disappears, which demonstrates the presence of a vital force in the culture that represents the transition of culture to the state of civilization.</p> Liudmyla Haenggi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 13 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0200 On the peculiarities of the orthodox divine service <p>The orthodox temple ecclesiastical art plays a key part in the history of world culture. Church music is an integral part of the orthodox divine service among other kinds of art. The orthodox divine service stretches deeply to the historical past with its roots and is closely linked with the beginning and development of the Christianity.<br>The phenomenon of “a temple action” (P. Florensky) contains in it’s particular multidimensionality, extensionality, which manifests itself not only with the synthesis of art and over combination of religious and philosophical, moral and artistic values.</p> Lyudmila Charikova ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0300